This text is a part of The Higher India’s collection #EarnYourIndependence by means of which we have fun Indians attaining monetary freedom in progressive methods.

Ranjita Saikia Deka, regardless of going through an enormous disaster in her 15-year-old enterprise, bravely put her toes ahead in a singular means of pisciculture. She is likely one of the first from Assam to start out land-based fish farming utilizing Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS) expertise. 

“Life has its personal ups and downs, regardless of the state of affairs it’s crucial for us to just accept it in a optimistic mindset as a result of each problem is a chance,” says Ranjita Saikia Deka throughout a dialog with The Higher India.

From a really tender age, she needed to do one thing progressive and out-of-the-box. In 2005, when the web was at its nascent stage, she took up the mission of making consciousness on utilizing the web and different trendy applied sciences and began taking free lessons. Finally, she opened a web-based service store within the Dhemaji district. “Issues went effectively until March 2020, however COVID and its subsequent lockdowns pressured us to close store for greater than a 12 months which affected us financially,” she provides.  

However Ranjita by no means needed to stick to at least one supply of earnings. So, in 2018, she began doing aquaponics. “In the future whereas scrolling by means of YouTube, I noticed a video on aquaponics and that’s the place the concept got here to my thoughts. I used to be fascinated by the strategy of rising natural greens and fishes altogether in the identical setting.” 

Ranjita’s aquaponics enterprise was a grand success, and witnessing this the Fishery Division approached her to arrange this hi-tech challenge beneath India’s Blue Revolution Scheme in 2017-18.

Ranjita Saikia Deka started land-based fish farming in Assam.
Ranjita Saikia Deka

The success of the challenge, within the final two years, has compelled many from numerous nooks and corners of Assam and outdoors have approached Ranjita to learnt in regards to the approach. However solely six to seven individuals have been in a position to efficiently be taught and implement this method.

Neeti Deb, spouse of former Chief Minister of Tripura Biplab Deb has additionally visited Ranjita’s farm and confirmed her keenness to start out the challenge in her native state.

“To be trustworthy, I by no means imagined my trial and error strategies of aquaponics can be so standard. The success boosted my confidence to do one thing huge within the fisheries sector and accordingly, I attempted my fingers at RAS expertise,” she reveals. 

First launched in Isreal Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS) is a hi-tech land-based fish farming which primarily goals to extend fish manufacturing with the optimum use of land. It additionally drastically helped in water conservation.

In India, it was included within the 12 months 2015-16 beneath the Blue Revolution scheme.

These tanks value wherever from Rs 50,000 to Rs 50 lakh. And the advantages of RAS expertise embody much less area, fewer labourers, and extra manufacturing, amongst others.

A wholesome means of fish manufacturing

Ranjita Saikia Deka

The red-letter day of Ranjita’s life was 5 September 2020, the second when she formally began fish farming with RAS.

“The absolutely natural fish produced by means of RAS expertise can also be fairly cost-effective as a result of it requires much less area and labour,” she informs, including, “It additionally drastically helps in water conservation, suppose in a 100-litre pond one can produce 1kg of fish nonetheless on this course of 1kg of fish can simply be produced in a 10-litre tank.”

Although the system requires extra electrical energy, Ranjita and her husband Putul Deka are constantly modifying methods to minimise consumption. The duo has additionally utilized for solar energy on this regard. 

Presently in 8 tanks of 8-metre size and 5 toes depth which might maintain as much as 6 lakhs litres quantity water, Ranjita is producing quintals of Indian Main Carb (IMC) fishes similar to Rohu, Catla Catfish (Magur) Fossil Cat (Singhi),  Pangas Catfish (Kosh), Chinese language Promophet (Roopchanda) and tasting success. 


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“Fishes of excessive medicinal worth are receiving good responses from the purchasers. We largely goal a couple of fish markets in Jagiroad, Sonapur in addition to Guwahati the place the typical per day sale is round 10 kg. We even have fairly a handful of standard clients. In addition to, generally we do residence supply in numerous components of Guwahati as per the request,” she informs 

“Little question fish farming in RAS is a difficult job however nothing could be extra satisfying than offering contemporary, scrumptious and wholesome fishes to the individuals within the age the place nearly all the pieces has chemical substances in it,” she states. 

Ranjita desires of establishing a reside, fully natural fish market close to Guwahati and patiently ready for it to occur quickly. 

As this improvised expertise requires much less labour thus she has employed two staff who’re serving to her within the clean run of the enterprise.  

A Nice Mentor 

Students of Raha Fishery College visiting Ranjita's farm
College students of Raha Fishery Faculty visiting Ranjita’s farm

Tilak Sonowal, considered one of Ranjita’s two staff engaged on the plant, says, “I’m working with Ranjita baideo (Assamese for ma’am) for the final six years and I need to say she has fully modified my life. Earlier, I used to be working in my village the place the earnings have been so low that I couldn’t even feed my little daughter however now after working beneath her, I’m having common earnings which helps my entire household to steer a good life.”

“Baideo has given a brand new dimension to my life. She is a mentor and information, beneath her steering, I’m studying each nitty gritty of this improvised and modernised approach,” he provides. 

A Serving to Hand 

Fresh packaged fishes of Ranjita's farm
Recent packaged fishes of Ranjita’s farm

Being the pioneer within the discipline, Ranjita’s is now thought-about a one-stop answer for fish farming. Her success story is encouraging many to do that new expertise. 

Anjan Bishaya has this to say about Ranjita, “She is a beneficiant, pleasant and useful one who helped us study each nitty gritty relating to the challenge. She has offered me with all of the required data which elevated my curiosity in it.”

Bishaya additional informs that the required building of the challenge is on the verge of completion and the full-fledged enterprise will begin quickly. “Within the 6 tanks of 5.5 toes we’re creating the challenge within the Kallongpar space close to Guwahati.”

Mentioning it as an important initiative for the long run, he provides, “Land is getting decreased with each passing day and on this state of affairs building of ponds is simply not attainable. This technique of fish manufacturing requires much less area, time and labour, thus this sustainable technique can be very helpful for future generations.”

Rezakul Islam, one other profitable RAS entrepreneur, additionally asserts that Ranjita has prolonged her serving to hand and offered technical assist whereas establishing the farm.

Within the eight tanks, Islam cultures 40 to 45 tonnes of fish that are yielding him good income.

Slowly however steadily, the RAS enterprise is spreading to nooks and corners of Assam and different Northeastern states.

“Within the 12 months 2021, the full turnover of the challenge was Rs 11.25 lakh and until June 2022 it has elevated to Rs 14.8 lakh. I hope to the touch it to Rs 20 lakh by the top of this 12 months,” Ranjita indicators off.   

All image credit to & written by Sayantani Deb; Edited by Yoshita Rao

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