ふところ (futokoro) is a pocket that is located between the interior and outer layers of a kimono — the standard Japanese garment that is an extended, free gown with broad sleeves. When sporting a kimono, the left facet is wrapped over the fitting and tied with a belt referred to as an obi. The best way every little thing is put collectively creates a pocket at chest peak, and that is your futokoro.

懐 (futokoro) is a pocket that is located between the interior and outer layers of a kimono.

Lately, sporting kimono is reserved for particular events for many Japanese individuals, however for a very long time, it was an on a regular basis outfit. The primary ancestor of the kimono was born throughout the Heian interval (794-1192), and it was sported every day by each women and men till Japan grew to become westernized throughout the Meiji interval (1868–1912).

Over time, individuals stored numerous issues of their futokoro pocket as a result of it was a safe place, and the objects helped stop their obi belts from driving up. Consequently, many phrases and phrases related to futokoro had been born, and quite a lot of them are nonetheless in use as we speak. This text introduces some phrases which may be helpful to you, so in case you’ve bought a pocket of time, come together with us!

Conditions: This text assumes you already know hiragana and katakana. If you must brush up, take a look at our Final Hiragana Information and Final Katakana Information.

Cash Expressions with 懐

Pockets are a typical place the place individuals carry their cash, and actually, there are various money-related idioms with the phrase “pocket” in English. My favourite is “burn a gap in your pocket.” That is used once you’ve bought an excessive amount of cash and also you want and need to spend it. If you happen to do not, a gap will metaphorically burn by means of your pocket. What a singular expression! I adore it.

The normal Japanese pocket, futokoro, was additionally a typical location to place cash in. So it comes as no shock that there are quite a lot of money-related expressions utilizing futokoro!

For instance, to say you have bought some huge cash, you should use the phrase “futokoro” and say:

  • 懐が温かい。
  • I’ve quite a lot of money.

    (Actually: My futokoro is heat.)

I assume cash positioned into your futokoro material was like including an one other layer to your kimono, making that spot additional heat.

Conversely, your futokoro lacks heat if you end up broke. So you may as a substitute say:

  • 懐が寒い。
  • I’ve no money.

    (Actually: My futokoro is chilly.)

Or, be a little bit poetic and say:

  • 懐が寂しい。
  • I’ve no money.

    (Actually: My futokoro is feeling lonely and unhappy.)

Oh, your poor futokoro! We should always ship some like to them. 👛❤️

Equally, you can even use “futokoro” once you pay out of pocket for one thing, like:

  • 懐が痛む。
  • I pay for it out of pocket.

    (Actually: My futokoro is hurting.)

Paying for one thing with your individual cash is painful!

You ought to be cautious to not damage your futokoro, so if you wish to purchase one thing however must verify your funds first, you say:

  • 懐と相談する。
  • I am going to crunch some numbers.

    (Actually: I am going to seek the advice of my futokoro.)

This sentence is like saying your futokoro is your monetary advisor and it’s a must to ask them first, as a result of they’re the one who is aware of all about your cash. It is cute how we personify a pocket, is not it?

And if you cannot handle to get the cash collectively by yourself, you could need assistance:

  • 他人の懐をあてにする。
  • I depend on others’ cash.

    (Actually: I depend on another person’s futokoro.)

I hope yow will discover a wonderful futokoro sponsor!

You should utilize all of the above expressions in each talking and writing, so everytime you describe your monetary scenario, it is a possibility so that you can showcase your new Japanese information.

Merchandise Names With 懐

You’ve got realized cash is without doubt one of the most typical objects individuals stored of their futokoro. So what else might be saved in there? Because it seems, all method of issues.

From the Heian interval (794-1192) on, Japanese individuals stored items of paper of their futokoro. These items of paper served an array of functions, like blowing your nostril, wiping away grime, scribbling down notes, or serving snacks or meals on them. As we speak, solely the ultimate use as a plate stays (particularly for tea ceremonies). For a very long time although, it was frequent to hold round this sort of paper in your futokoro. Thereafter, the paper itself additionally adopted the kanji for futokoro (懐) and have become generally known as 懐紙かいし (futokoro paper).

One other factor individuals generally carried round of their futokoro was a knife! Earlier than the Meiji interval (1868–1912) and again when samurai had been round, there was nonetheless quite a lot of unrest in Japan. Since solely samurai had been allowed to hold round an extended katana sword, you wanted to have one thing else to guard your self in case of an emergency, therefore the dagger in your futokoro! The phrase for this brief knife additionally makes use of the kanji 懐, and is named 懐剣かいけん (futokoro knife). Though now the phrase is a little bit old style, you should still see it in writing or TV present dramas set previously.

Typically individuals stored snacks of their futokoro too. For instance, there’s a conventional Japanese dessert referred to as shiruko, which is sweetened adzuki (purple bean) soup with rice truffles or rice flour dumplings. Within the Edo interval, an artisan invented an on the spot mini shiruko individuals may carry of their futokoro. This made it attainable to make shiruko wherever by simply including scorching water to it. This glorious invention was named 懐中汁粉かいちゅうじるこ (in-futokoro shiruko), to emphasise its portability and instant-ness.

In the course of the Meiji interval and westernization of Japan, many western objects grew to become fashionable, particularly amongst aristocrats. Pocket watches had been considered one of them, and had been made into the Japanese phrase 懐中時計かいちゅうどけい (in-futokoro watch). Nevertheless, this was extra of a direct translation of “pocket watch,” since 懐 was seen because the equal of the English phrase “pocket.” In actuality although, most individuals stored their pocket watch of their obi belt, not of their futokoro.

Because the essence of 懐中 was seen as “in your pocket,” its which means progressively expanded into simply “transportable.” Due to that, you typically see it in merchandise names which might be completely unrelated to futokoro, akin to 懐中電灯かいちゅうでんとう (flashlight).

It is fascinating to learn the way phrases develop, is not it? The which means of the phrase futokoro additionally expanded figuratively, so let’s try a few of these figurative expressions subsequent!

Embracing Expressions with 懐

a mother in kimono holding a baby in her arms

As a result of futokoro was a pocket the place you stored one thing vital to you, it additionally got here to signify a protected and heat place. So, though clearly a futokoro just isn’t large enough for it, individuals would use the expression, “to hold one’s child within the futokoro,” as in:

  • 赤ん坊を懐に抱く。
  • I carry my child in my arms.

    (Actually: I carry the child in my futokoro.)

This expression does suggest that you simply’re holding the child near the place your futokoro could be, however this sentence carries a richer which means than that. The usage of futokoro right here signifies that the child is beneath your safety and is being embraced in your arms.

This nuance of safety extends even additional. For instance, in case you grew up with quite a lot of care and safety out of your dad and mom, you should use 懐 and say:

  • 親の懐で何不自由なく育った。
  • I grew up beneath the care of my dad and mom with none worries.

    (Actually: I grew up within the futokoro of my dad and mom with none inconvenience.)

On this case, it doesn’t suggest your dad and mom all the time held you of their arms, in fact. As a substitute, it expresses that your dad and mom fostered you within the heat pocket of their embrace, not solely financially but in addition emotionally.

In the identical approach, in case you grew up surrounded by nature, you can even use 懐 and say:

  • 大自然の懐に抱かれて育った。
  • I grew up within the embrace of nature.

    (Actually: I grew up in nature’s futokoro.)

Right here, this instance describes that you simply grew up safely whereas adventuring in nature. And that it was because of Mom Nature’s embrace. Nature is a type of particular bubble, separate from the skin world. It was right here, within the futokoro of Mom Nature, that you simply had been raised.

As you may need guessed, these expressions are extra literary. Though some individuals may use them in speech, it is much more frequent in descriptive writing.

Okay, now we’re within the final part of our clarification of futokoro. Right here, we’ll discover some metaphorical makes use of!

When sporting a kimono, the futokoro area is all the time situated simply over your こころ (coronary heart) — the place the place Japanese individuals imagine your emotions and spontaneous ideas come from.

Thus, it was solely pure they created expressions with futokoro that signify emotions and ideas. For instance, if somebody may be very beneficiant and understanding, you should use 懐 and say:

  • 懐が深い。
  • They’re very beneficiant and understanding.

    (Actually: Their futokoro is deep.)

Having a deep futokoro means you’ve got an enormous coronary heart, which makes you tolerant. It is just like the English expression “open-minded.”

Let’s check out one other instance. Think about you’ve got some secret in your thoughts and your accomplice is aware of one thing is up and guesses the key. You possibly can describe this example utilizing 懐, like:

  • 懐を見透かされた。
  • They learn my thoughts.

    (Actually: They noticed by means of my futokoro.)

On this instance, futokoro is your 心 (coronary heart), the place you retain your secrets and techniques, ideas or emotions, and 見透かす means “to see by means of.” The usage of these two phrases collectively signifies that your futokoro is clear and every little thing in there’s seen. Perhaps it was written throughout your face, or in any case, you failed to hide what was hidden beneath your futokoro.

When sporting a kimono, the futokoro area is all the time situated simply over your 心 (coronary heart).

The subsequent instance is our remaining one. For instance you be a part of a brand new office and rapidly determine the relationships between individuals. You discover there’s this behind-the-scenes chief who’s virtually in charge of every little thing. Since you are expert at finessing social and political conditions, you efficiently develop into near this influential particular person and achieve favor with them. To explain this example, you should use 懐 and say:

  • 影の実力者の懐に入り込んだ。
  • I gained favor with the behind-the-scenes energy participant.

    (Actually: I sneaked into the futokoro of the behind-the-scenes chief.)

Right here, futokoro is the 心 (coronary heart) of the chief and 入り込む means “to slide in.” You’re slipping into their coronary heart. So this sentence suggests that you simply bought the chief to confide in you with probably the most vital a part of them — the core of their ideas and emotions. It may possibly even suggest that you’re ready to govern the chief as you want. Perhaps sometime, you may be the true chief who can train energy from the futokoro of the present chief.

Maintain it in Your Futokoro!

Hey, that is all of the futokoro expressions we have for you right here! There are numerous phrases utilizing 懐, aren’t there? Don’t be concerned if you cannot keep in mind them all of sudden, although! Simply hold this text in your futokoro and are available again for a peak everytime you overlook and wish a reminder.

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